DIREITO, VIOLÊNCIA E RELIGIÃO EM HABACUQUE. A PARTIR DA LEITURA DO LEVIATÃ HOBBESIANO

Ashbell Simonton Rédua

Resumo


It analyzes and discusses in this article the relation of biblical violence in the prophet Habakkuk, based on the concepts developed by Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan, according to which questions will be approached about the language of violence in Habakkuk taking as principle the anthropomorphic language developed in the biblical context that seeks to give human form to God so that man may understand the acts and actions of God in the history of mankind. The lack of understanding of anthropomorphic language in humans will define God as a violent, vengeful and cruel being, but this is not the way he perceives in the context of the Scriptures the philosophical principle of language in the definition of violence in the biblical context. In the first part of the text it is well defined what anthropomorphic language is and how we can subtract from this interpretation the correct understanding of violence in the Holy Scriptures. In the second part of the article, we analyze the question of violence in the Hobbesian perspective in the use of power and law (justice), it is pointed out that the violence according to Hobbes is an instrument of fear, therefore and originating from power and justice. As a principle of reflection of the sciences of religion, in the third part we deal with the human God in Habakkuk, delimiting the reactions of emotions and feelings, gradual change of transcendental understanding of "God beyond us," which prevailed was the immanent conception of "God for us, "for the perception of" God in us, "the result of this change is that God is lowered to the human level, so that people can interact more readily with Him, applying the principles of the Leviathan State. The hardening of state power, stricter laws, more rigid justice are elements capable of curbing violence and establishing a society of social peace.

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