ANÁLISE LEXICOGRÁFICA DO TERMO אַחֲרִית (’AḤĂRÎT) E SUA CONTRIBUIÇÃO PARA O TEMA DO REMANESCENTE

Vamberto Marinho de Arruda Junior

Resumo


Existem vários termos na Bíblia Hebraica (BH) que são traduzidos por remanescente, o foco desta pesquisa é analisar apenas o termo אַחֲרִית (’aḥărît) através de uma varredura em todas as seções da BH para ver onde se encontra e desta forma perceber qual sua melhor significação em tradução (lexicografia). Após análise constatou-se que O vocábulo אַחֲרִית (’aḥărît) tem uma forte acepção temporal devido a sua ligação com sua raiz אָחַר (’aḥar) que significa algo passado ou futuro, sempre trazendo a ideia de tempo decorrido ou a decorrer. Porém outras significações são encontradas no campo semântico desse termo: Posteridade/descendência; Localização geográfica - “a parte mais extrema do mar;” e resto/remanescente em Nm 24:20 onde o “resto/remanescente” seria a parte que caberia a Amaleque por punição divina; e Ez 23:25; Am 4:2 e 9:1 onde o remanescente é o que escapa/sobra de uma destruição divina.


Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ARNOLD, Bill T. אָחַר. In: VANGEMEREM, Willem A. (Ed.) New International Dictionary of the Old Testament theology & exegesis. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1997, V. 1, p. 360-361.

BALTZER, Klaus; MACHINIST, Peter: Deutero-Isaiah: A Commentary on Isaiah 40-55. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001. (Hermeneia – a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible).

BARTON, George A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes. New York : Scribner, 1908. (The International Critical Commentary).

BIBLEWORKS. Norfolk: LLC.8.0.013z.1, 2009.

BLAND, Dave. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes & Song of Songs. Joplin: College Press Pub. Co., 2002. (The College Press NIV Commentary).

BRATCHER, Robert G.; REYBURN, William David. A Translator's Handbook on the Book of Psalms. New York: United Bible Societies, 1991. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

BRENEMAN, Mervin (Exposición); COPEIRO, Ricardo Souto (Ayudas Prácticas). Salmos. El Paso: Editorial Mundo Hispano, 1993-<1997. (Comentario Bı́blico Mundo Hispano, V. 8).

BRIGGS, Charles A.; BRIGGS, Emilie Grace. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms V. 1. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1906-1907a. (The International Critical Commentary).

______. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms V. 2. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1906-1907b. (The International Critical Commentary).

BRILEY, Terry R. Isaiah Volume 2. Joplin: College Press Pub., 2004. (The College Press NIV Commentary).

BROWN, Francis; DRIVER, S.R.; BRIGGS, Charles. Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, 2000.

BUZZELL, Sid S. Proverbs. In: WALVOORD, John F.; ZUCK, Roy B. (Ed.) Dallas Theological Seminary: The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1983, V. 1, p. 901-974

CALVIN, John. Psalms. Electronic ed. Albany: Ages Software, 1998a. (Logos Library System; Calvin's Commentaries, não paginado).

______. Isaiah. Electronic ed. Albany: Ages Software, 1998b. (Logos Library System; Calvin's Commentaries, não paginado).

CHÁVEZ, Moisés (Exposición); TRIGOSO, David (Ayudas Prácticas). Isaias. El Paso: Editorial Mundo Hispano, 1993-<1997. (Comentario Bı́blico Mundo Hispano, V. 10).

CHEYNE, T.K. (Exposition); ADENEY, W. F. (Homiletics). Jeremiah Vol. II. Bellingham: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2004. (The Pulpit Commentary).

CLINES, David J. A. Job 1-20. Eletronic ed. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002. (Logos Library System, Word Biblical Commentary, V. 17).

COLLINS, John J.; CROSS, Frank M.; COLLINS, Adela Y. Daniel: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993. (Hermeneia – a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible).

COOK, G. A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ezekiel. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1936. (The International Critical Commentary).

CRAIGIE, Peter C. Psalms 1-50. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002a. (Word Biblical Commentary, V. 19).

______. Jeremiah 1-25. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002b. (Word Biblical Commentary, V. 26).

DEANE, W. J (Exposition); WHITELAW, T. (Homiletics). Ecclesiastes. Bellingham: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2004a. (The Pulpit Commentary).

______, TAYLOR-TASWELL, S. T. (Exposition), ADENEY, W. F. (Homiletics). Proverbs. Bellingham: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2004b. (The Pulpit Commentary).

DIOP, Ganoune. The Remnant concept as defined by Amos. Journal of the Adventist Theological Society. Berrien Springs, v. 7, n. 2, p. 67-81, Autumm 1996.

DORNELES, Vanderlei (Ed.). Comentário Bíblico Adventista do Sétimo Dia. Tatuí: Casa Publicadora Brasileira, 2011, V. 1.

______. ______. Tatuí: Casa Publicadora Brasileira, 2012, V. 3.

______. ______. Tatuí: Casa Publicadora Brasileira, 2013, V. 4.

DRIVER, Samuel Rolles; GRAY, George Buchanan. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Job Volume 1. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1921. (The International Critical Commentary).

EATON, Michael A. Ecclesiastes. In: CARSON, D. A; et al. (Ed.) New Bible Commentary 21st Century Edition. 4th ed. Leicester, England; Downers Grove, USA: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994. Não paginado

FINLEY, T. J. Joel, Amos, Obadiah. [S.l]: Biblical Studies Press, 2003.

FOX, Michael V. Ecclesiastes. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2004. (The JPS Bible Commentary).

GARRETT, D. A. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of songs. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993. (The New American Commentary, V. 14).

GLAZE, Andrés (Exposición); WYATT, Joyce, WYATT, Roy (Ayudas Prácticas). Job. In: CEVALLOS, Juan Carlos, ZORZOLI, Rubén O. (Ed.). Esdras, Nehemías, Ester y Job. El Paso: Editorial Mundo Hispano, 2005, p. 254-482. (Comentario Biblico Mundo Hispano, V. 7).

HARPER, William R. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Amos and Hosea. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1905. (The International Critical Commentary).

HARRIS, R. Laird. אָחַר (’achar). In: ______; ARCHER Jr., Gleason L., WALTKE, Bruce K. (Org.) Dicionário internacional de teologia do Antigo Testamento. São Paulo: Vida Nova, 1999, p. 53-55.

HASEL, Gerhard. Remnant. In: BROMILEY, Geoffrey W. (Ed.). The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1988, V. 4, p. 130-134.

HASKELL, Rob. Hermenéutica: Interpretación eficaz hoy. Viladecavalls, Barcelona: Editorial CLIE, 2009.

HERNÁNDEZ, Eduardo A. Biblia De Estudio LBLA: Lockman Foundation. Eletronic ed. La Habra: Editorial Funacion, Casa Editoral para La Fundacion Biblica Lockman, 2003. (Logos Library System).

HILL, Andrew E. אַחֲרִית. In: VANGEMEREM, Willem A. (Ed.) New International Dictionary of the Old Testament theology & exegesis. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1997, V. 1, p. 361-362.

HOLLADAY, William Lee; HANSON, Paul D. Jeremiah 2: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Jeremiah, Chapters 26-52. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989. (Hermeneia – a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible).

HUEY, F.B. Jeremiah-Lamentations. Electronic ed. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2001. (Logos Library System; The New American Commentary, V. 16).

JAMIESON, Robert; FAUSSET, A. R.; BROWN, David. Comentario Exegético Y Explicativo De La Biblia - Tomo 1: El Antiguo Testamento. El Paso: Casa Bautista de Publicaciones, 2003.

JENNI, Ernst. אחר (’ḥr). In: ______; WESTERMANN, Claus. Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament. Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 1997. V. 1, p. 83-88.

KEIL, Carl Friedrich; DELITZSCH, Franz. Commentary on the Old Testament Volume 6: Proverbs-Song. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002a.

______. Commentary on the Old Testament Volume 7: Isaiah. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002b.

______. Commentary on the Old Testament Volume 8: Jeremiah-Lam. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002c.

______. Commentary on the Old Testament Volume 9: Ezekiel-Daniel. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002d.

______. Commentary on the Old Testament Volume 10: Hosea-Malachi. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002e.

KEOWN, Gerald L. Jeremiah 26-52. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002. (Word Biblical Commentary, V. 27).

LANGE, J. P., et al. A commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Amos. Bellingham: Logos Bible Software, 2008.

LYONS, Victor (Exposición); GILES, James E. (Ayudas Prácticas). Proverbios. In: CARRO, Daniel; POE, José Tomás; ZORZOLI, Rubén O. (Ed.). Proverbios-Cantares. El Paso: Editorial Mundo Hispano, 1993-1997, p. 22-273. (Comentario Bı́blico Mundo Hispano, V. 9).

MCKANE, William. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Jeremiah. Edinburgh: T&T Clark International, 1986. (The International Critical Commentary).

MILLER, Stephen R. Daniel. Electronic ed. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2001. (Logos Library System; The New American Commentary V. 18).

MITCHEL, Larry A. Estudos do vocabulário do Antigo Testamento. São Paulo: Edições Vida Nova, 1996.

MONTGOMERY, James A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Daniel. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1927. (The International Critical Commentary).

MURPHY, Rowland E. Proverbs. Eletronic ed. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002a. (Logos Library System, Word Biblical Commentary, V. 22).

______. Ecclesiastes. Electronic ed. Dallas: Word, Incorporated, 2002b. (Logos Library System, Word Biblical Commentary, V. 23A).

NEWMAN, Barclay Moon; STINE, Philip C. A Handbook on Jeremiah. New York: United Bible Societies, 2003. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

OGDEN, Graham S.; ZOGBO, Lynell. A Handbook on Ecclesiastes. New York: United Bible Societies, 1998. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

PAUL, Shalom M.; CROSS, Frank M. Amos: A Commentary on the Book of Amos. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991. (Hermeneia – a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible).

PÉTER-CONTESSE, René; ELLINGTON, John. A Handbook on the Book of Daniel. New York: United Bible Societies, 1993. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

REYBURN, William David. A Handbook on Lamentations. New York: United Bible Societies, 1992. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

______; FRY, Euan McG. A Handbook on Proverbs. New York: United Bible Societies, 2000. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

SAWYER, John F. A. Isaiah: Volume 2. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001. (The Daily Study Bible Series).

SEEBASS, Horst. אַחֲרִית (’achªrît). In: BOTTERWECK, Johannes G., RINGGREN, Helmer (Eds.). Theological dictionary of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids e Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1997. V. 1, p. 207-212.

SHANK, Harold. Minor Prophets Volume 1: Hosea-Micah. Joplin: College Press Pub. Co., 2001. (The College Press NIV Commentary).

SKINNER, John. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Genesis. New York: Scribner, 1910. (The International Critical Commentary).

SMITH, Billy K.; PAGE, Franklin S. Amos, Obadiah, Jonah. Electronic ed. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2001. (Logos Library System; The New American Commentary, V.19B).

SMITH, James E. The Wisdom Literature and Psalms. Eletronic ed. Joplin: College Press, 1996. (Logos Library System, Old Testament Survey Series, não paginado).

______. The Minor Prophets. Eletronic ed. Joplin: College Press, 1992. (Logos Library System, Old Testament Survey Series, não paginado).

TESH, S. Edward; ZORN, Walter D. Psalms Volume 1. Joplin: College Press, 1999. (The College Press NIV Commentary).

TOY, Crawford Howell. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Proverbs. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1899. (The International Critical Commentary).

WAARD, Jan de; SMALLEY, William Allen. A Translator's Handbook on the Book of Amos. Stuttgart: United Bible Societies, 1979. (UBS Handbook Series; Helps for Translators).

WESLEY, John. Wesley's Notes: Ecclesiastes. Electronic ed. Albany: Ages Software, 1999, Ec. 7:8. (Logos Library System; Wesley's Notes).

WILLIS, John T. The Expression be' acharith hayyamin in the Old Testament. Restoration Quarterly, Abilene, v. 22 n. 1-2, p. 54-71, 1979. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 14/08/2013.

WILLIS, Timothy M. Jeremiah-Lamentations. Joplin: College Press Pub. Co., 2002. (College Press NIV Commentary).

WOLFF, Hans Walter; MCBRIDE, S. Dean. Joel and Amos: A Commentary on the Books of the Prophets Joel and Amos. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977. (Hermeneia – a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible).

WYATT, Joyce Cope; WYATT, Roy (Exposición e Ayudas Prácticas). Amós. In: CARRO, Daniel, et al (Ed.) Oseas-Malaquı́as. El Paso: Editorial Mundo Hispano, 2003, p. 105-152. (Comentario Bı́blico Mundo Hispano, V. 13).

ZIMMERLI, Walther; CROSS, Frank M.; BALTZER, Klaus. Ezekiel: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1979-1983. (Hermeneia – a Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible).

ZUCK, Roy B. Job. In: WALVOORD, John F., ZUCK, Roy B. (Ed.) Dallas Theological Seminary: The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1983-1985, V. 1, p. 715-777.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20890/reflexus.v14i1.965

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.