Mark Ellingsen


Scholars have long been aware since the 16th century of the Reformers’ indebtedness to African theology (esp. Augustine, but also to the pre-Augustinian African Fathers). However, with regard to the Reformers’ attitudes toward African culture and their African contemporaries the scholarly community has remained silent. Considering that, this paper endeavors to make some first tentative steps in addressing this range of issues. Its primary agenda is to provide a text study of the writings of Luther, Zwingli, Anabaptists (esp. Simons), and Calvin regarding what they wrote about Africa, the African people of their day, and the institution of slavery.

Os estudiosos sabem da dívida dos reformadores para com a teologia africana, especialmente com Agostinho e os Pais da Igreja Africanos anteriores a Agostinho. Entretanto, no que diz respeito às atitudes dos reformadores para com a cultura e seus contemporâneos africanos, a comunidade acadêmica permaneceu em silêncio. Considerando isto, este artigo busca oferecer alguns passos preliminares na abordagem deste tema. Seu foco principal é fornecer um estudo dos escritos de Lutero, Zwinglio, Anabatistas (especialmente M. Simons) e Calvino que falam sobre a África, o povo africano de sua época e a instituição da escravidão.

Texto completo:



BARGE, Hermann. Luther und der Frühkapitalismus. Gütersloh: C. Bertelsmann Verlag, 1951.

Clement of Alexandria. Exhortation to the Heathen. Translated by William Wilson http://www.logoslibrary.org/clement/heathen/06.html.

Clement of Alexandria. Stromata. Translated by William Wilson http://www.logoslibrary.org/clement/stromata/425.html.

Corpus Reformatorum. 101 vols. Brunsvigae: C. A. Schwetschke et. Filium, 1834-1959.

ELLINGSEN, Mark. “Luther on Usury and the Use of Money: A Product of Feudalism or the Christian economic Theory of America's Founders?” Paper presented in American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, 1995.

ELLINGSEN, Mark. Luther in Context. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 1980.

Erich Seeberg. Studien zu Luthers Genesis vorlesung. Güteraloh, 1932.

Jaroslav Pelikan (ed.). “Introduction to Volume 1”, in Luther’s Works, Vol. 1. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1958.

John Calvin, Institutio Christianae religionis. Genevae: Oliua Roberti Stephani (1559).

John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery (1774). Academic Affairs Library, UNC-CH. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999.

Martin Luther. Weimarer Ausgabe (WA). Weimar, 1883-1929.

Peter Meinhold. Die Genesis vorlesung Luther und ihre Herausgeber. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1936.

SIMONS, Menno. The Hymn of Discipleship (1540). In: The Complete Writings of Menno Simons. Ed. John Christian Wenger. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1956.

Ulrich Zwingli. A Friendly Request and Exhortation of Some Priests of the Confederates That the Preaching of the Holy Gospel Be Not Hindered, and Also That No Offence Be Taken If To Avoid Scandal the Preachers Were Given Permission To Marry (1522).

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20890/reflexus.v12i19.732


  • Não há apontamentos.

Direitos autorais 2018 Mark Ellingsen

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.