Hebrews and the Scriptures: The use of Ps 95:7b-11 and Genesis 2:2b in Hebrews 3-4

José Adriano Filho

Resumo


The use of the Jewish Scriptures and the references to their texts and traditions make up a network of intertextuality which must be considered when we read the Epistle to the Hebrews. In this regard, this paper proposes to demonstrate how Ps 95,7b-11 and Gen 2,2b are used in Heb 3-4. From the first text, Ps 95,7b-11, Hebrews uses the incident of Meribah and Massah, the quintessential rebellion of the Exodus generation, as a paradigm for a warning to its addressees, that is, the current people of God who are in a situation analogous to that of the Exodus generation, as both are Exodus communities wandering through the wilderness. The warning is brought to a new stage in 4,1-13, where the text highlights the Christian community is heir to the promise of God's rest. The effectiveness of the promise of rest and the need the current generation has to enter it are established by the juxtaposition of the quotation of Ps 95,11 and Gen 2,2b.

O uso das Escrituras Judaicas (LXX) e as referências aos seus textos e tradições constituem uma rede de intertextualidade que devem ser consideradas na leitura da Epístola aos Hebreus. Neste sentido, a proposta deste artigo é demonstrar como se dá o uso do Salmo 95,7b-11 e de Genesis 2,2b em Hebreus 3-4. Do primeiro texto, Salmo 95,7b-11, Hebreus utiliza o incidente de Meribah e Massah, a rebelião essencial da geração do êxodo, como paradigma para a exortação aos seus destinatários, isto é, o povo de Deus atual que se encontra numa situação análoga à geração do êxodo, pois ambos são comunidades do êxodo em seu período de peregrinação no deserto. A exortação é levada a um novo estágio em 4,1-13, texto que destaca que a comunidade cristã é herdeira da promessa de descanso e a necessidade de a geração atual entrar nele é estabelecida pela justaposição da citação do Salmo 95,11 e Gênesis 2,2b.


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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20890/reflexus.v12i19.558

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